Chongqing was a part of Sichuan Province of which Chengdu is the capital city until 1997 when Chongqing and several surrounding districts were made a government municipality. Which might be better for you depends on what you are looking for. If you want to go on a Yangtze cruise, then cruise ships dock in Chongqing, but if you want to go to the .. ongqing Dining: Signature Food, Local Dishes - China · Different from Chengdu cuisine, these local dishes are spicier and stronger in taste. Chili pepper, sesame, fermented black beans, scallions, ginger, garlic, wine, soy sauce and an array of flavorings are used in almost 40 different cooking methods. These methods include drying, salting, spicing, pickling, frying and smoking.